The Development of Sanonggoang Lake, West Manggarai, Flores
- Geographical Location and Condition
- History of Sanonggoang Lake
- The Components of Tourism in Sanonggoang Lake
- How do the Local Government Improve The Component
- Geographical Location and Condition
Lake Sanonggoang is located in Wae Sano village, West Manggarai.It is 63 kilometres from Labuan Bajo. The borders of Sanonggoang District are Boleng District in the east, Komodo District in the west, and Lembar District in the south. The lake is located between Wae Sano village and Sano Nggoang village. The population in Sanonggoang is 13.819 with 7.122 males and 6.697 females.
With depths of up to 500meters, it is said to be among the world’s deepest crater lake.Sanonggoanglake is located 750meters above sea level, southeast of Mbeliling Forest. The lake and an overall surrounding area of 5.500 hectares are proposed to become a protected area due to the remaining forests and endemic bird species such as the native Flores crow and the Flores monarch.
The lake has an area of approximately 513 ha, 3 kilometers wide and depth of 500 meters up to. The lake’s sulfuric content is high.Sanonggoang is actually like the Dead Sea in Israel. In Dead Sea, there are no aquatic animals because it is 9.6 times as salty as the ocean. In Sanonggoang case, we can’t find them because the lake is full of sulfur.
The area of Sanonggoanglake can be explored by horseback riding or simply by walking.Sanonggoanglakeisstill in natural area and when viewed from above at a distance of 150 meters its beauty is twofold. The hot springs around Sanonggoang are up to 100 degrees Fahrenheit / 37 degrees Celsius with true natural value. Between Labuan Bajo and Werang – the major village of Sanonggoang district – the road is asphalt, but from Werang to Lake Sanonggoang theroad is made of stone.
- History of Sanonggoang Lake
There are many versions of folktale when it comes to Sanonggoang.
The first one was about how the lake was formed, which is passed down from mouth to mouth. A long time ago, before the lake was there, lived two men. One of them was blind while the other one was palsy. They lived isolated from the other villager. The blind man’s house was not so far from the palsy man’s house, so they can still hear each other’s voice from their house. They hardly have any visitors to their house. There was just a dog that went back and forth from one’s house to another. The dog was called Lawe. Lawe sometimes slept in the blind man’s house and the other time he slept in the palsy man’s house.
One day, the blind man was starving because he didn’t have fire to cook some food. The blind man then called his only friend for help. The palsy man thought a way to help his friend. Then he had an idea and give the instruction to the blind man. The palsy man then tied his hearth to Lawe’s tail and after that the blind man called Lawe as if he had food for Lawe. Lawe jumped right away from the palsy man’s house to the blind man’s house. That time, Lawe’s tail raised and the hearth hit Lawe’s body. He was really surprised and barked here and there. It was so funny that the palsy mand started to laugh followed by the blind man. Lawe wasn’t running to the blind man’s house but frantically ran helter-skelter, tried his best to let go of the hearth that was tied to his tail.
Not too long after that, suddenly a windstorm came and in a distance, they heard a voice calling for them. They were really scared. The voice was getting closer and closer. The two of them then saw a long haired old man with white beard and wooden stick walking towards them. The old man asked both of them whether they want to eat rice or porridge. The blind man answered that they want to eat porridge. The old man stomped his stick to the ground and the hot water came out five minutes later. The hot water came out more swiftly as the old man disappeared, leaving the blind man and the palsy man who were screaming for help. Bit by bit the water flooding up and then turned into a lake.
The second one was about the origins of its name. It is said that the Gelarang (local region head, a notch below the king) and his wife used to ride a really big dragon with fire on its head to help them make their way through the lake in the night while its tail released a deadly poison to anticipate enemy’s attack which may have been following them. When Gelarang and his wife arrived at the center of the lake, the fire from the dragon looked like a big torch, makes a really magnificent scenery which attracts a lot of people near the lake. That is why this lake is named Sanonggoang or fiery lake.
The poison form the tail killed every organism from animals to plants in Sanonggoang lake. That is the reason why up until now there are no single organism besides duck and crab.
Regardless from the folktales, this lake has its own scientific explanation which is inseparable from the geological process that still going on in Flores.
Flores was well-known for its volcanoes. Volcanic eruptions always occur from west Flores to east Flores. That is why various kind of “hano” or lake in local language was found.
Sanonggoang was formed after the eruption of Wai Sano mountain. Although no historic activity is known from Wai Sano, it is believed to have erupted in the past 10,000 years. This eruption formed a caldera which then filled with water.
- The Components of Tourism in Sanonggoang Lake
The components of tourism are important to support any destination. There are four basic components are needed for developing Sanonggoang Lake, consist of :
- By Ship
The majority of them heading to Komodo island with a stopover first at Labuan Bajo via Ferry from the port of Sape on Sumbawa island. To go to Labuan Bajo by road and is indeed the cheapest way for travelers, they should head for the port in Bima and then take the ship to Labuan Bajo. To go to Bima, there are also buses from Java, Bali, and Lombok.
- By Plane
Labuan Bajo airport is located near the center of the city. The airport is named Komodo Airport and most of the routes served are Denpasar-Labuan Bajo. In addition there are also a routes of flight Kupang-Makassar-Labuan Bajo, and Ende-Labuan Bajo. If the prospective tourists coming from a city that has not had a direct flight to Labuan Bajo then it is advisable to switch planes in Denpasar (Bali). There are a number of airline flights to and from Labuan Bajo, such as Garuda Indonesia, Lion Air, Wings Air, Merpati Nusantara Airlines, Pelita Air Service, and Sky Aviation.
After we arrived at Labuan Bajo, follow the main road from there to Ruteng. At the crossroads after approximately 35km, turn right in the direction of Werang. The distance from the intersection to Werang is approximately 10.5km, and it is a further 16.5km from Werang to the actual lakeside. This last section takes approximately 1 1/2 – 2 hours by motorbike, and 3 1/2 – 4 hours by foot. Please note that the road condition is poor, starting from the intersection on the main road. It may be difficult or even impossible to pass this part of the road during the rainy season. If you are traveling by local transport, it is recommended that you take an ojeg in Werang for the remaining distance to the lake.
There are many hotels in Labuan Bajo can be an option to stay such as: Jayakarta Hotel, Bintang Flores Hotel, La Prima Hotel, and etc. And there are also fourteen families have recently joined the homestay network. All houses provide mattresses, clean linens, mosquito nets, clean drinking water, and others depending on the homestay. But two houses provide private guest rooms. Those that do not yet have private room provided a curtain for privacy. The share bath room facilities are located behind the houses and feature traditional squatter toilets and bucket showers. Availability of electricity varies from homestay to homestay, as some own generators, while others still rely on rechargeable lamps for light in the evening.
- Volcanic Lake
The lake has an area of approximately 513 há, 2.5 and 3 kilometres wide, and a depth of ±600m. The lake has sulphuric content high enough for activites related to skin health, revitalisation and can be circled by horse back. Lake Sanonggoang is in a still natural area and when viewed from above at a distance of 150 metres its beauty is two-fold.
- Hot Springs and Sulfur
Around Lake Sanonggoangare hot springs up to 100 degrees Farenheit / 37 degrees Celsius with true natural value. The real attraction here is the water being hot enough to cook eggs and bananas in just 3 minutes. Visitors can also experience a Natural SpaLake, forest, and village Sanonggoang in a small pool near the lakes’ edge.
- Flores Endemic Birds
Bird species found in the region of Lake Sanonggoang include: Teals (Anassuperciliosa, Anasgibberifrons); endemic Flores crow species (Corvusflorensis); Swamp species (Tesiaeveretti, Rhipiduradiluta, Caridonaxfulgidus). Lake Sanonggoang is well-known as a bird watching location with a high population of birds in the region.
- Natural Medicine
In Sesok Forest natural medicine is often used by the local community for fever, flu, malaria, pregnancy and cancer. These medicines can be seen while trekking.
- Ecotourism Savanna Peak
Trekking to Savanna Peak is short but steep. From the peak of Mbeliling mountain,Golodewa, the lake, Mbeliling Forest, and a number of small islands can be seen. It is also possible to enjoy traditional coffee and local food at the peak.
- Religious Tourism
There is a picturesque, old wooden church at Lake Sanonggoang and parish houses. The church has never been renovated and is maintained in its original condition.
- Agricultural insights:
Traditional cultivation and irrigation systems
Care and propagation of domesticated animals
Cultivation of cash crops in combination with local crops
Village traditions, dances, and local traditional ceremonies
Tourism amenities at Sanonggoang Lake are relatively limited as development of infrastructure will require an environmental impact assessment to ensure the environment is not damaged in the development process. Facilities in existence are:
- Horses to explore the area of Sanonggoang Lake
- Local guide
- Public toilet
- How Do The Local Government Handle Sanonggoang Lake
. West Manggarai government said that to develop the attractiveness of Sanonggoang Lake requires community participation from villagers ofWae Sano. The Government has developedWae Sano village into a tourism village, although there are still many improvements to be made but at this point the tourism sector inSanonggoang Lake considers as a big help to the economy section in Wae Sano village. Also, in 2012, the government had targeted the improvement of rural roads from Werang to Sano Lake and manufacture guardrail on the south side of the lake and it was stated these improvements would also be finished that year. But, in fact it is just a target because there is no realitation of the target till now. In the Medium Term Development Plan document 2011-2015 West Manggarai stated that the tourism sector is a top priority but it is not a priority in budget allocations. And because of that statement, the lane road to Sano Nggoang Lakeis in poor condition right now. A number of points on the roads in the region suffered damage severe enough to impede the flow of transport from and to the region. The road construction is the responsibility of the Department of Public Works, and until now there is no budget allocated for the construction of roads leading to Sanonggoang Lake. So, the road condition is still bad until now.
Lake Sanonggoang is located in Wae Sano village, West Manggarai.It is 63 kilometres from Labuan Bajo.With depths of up to 500meters, it is said to be among the world’s deepest crater lake.
There are many versions of folktale when it comes to Sanonggoang.The first one is about two men and a dog. It explains how the lake is made. The second one is about a dragon with fire on its head and it explains why the lake is called Sanonggoang. Scientifically, the lake was formed after the eruption of Wai Sano mountain. Although no historic activity is known from Wai Sano, it is believed to have erupted in the past 10,000 years.
There are many ways to get to Labuan Bajo. The first one is by ship from a port in Bhima or Denpasar. Tourists can also go there by plane. The routes are Denpasar-Labuan Bajo, Kupang-Makassar-Labuan Bajo, and Ende-Labuan Bajo. From Labuan Bajo to Werang, tourists can go by bus, car, or motorcycle (ojeg). From Werang, it is recommended to take ojeg for the remaining distance to the lake.
The attractions in Sanonggoang are the volcanic lake itself, hot springs, bird watching, trekking, hiking, horseback riding, religious tourism, the culture and agricultural insight. The facilities are home stays, bird watching equipment, and information boards.
West Manggarai government said that to develop the attractiveness of Lake Sano Sanonggoang requires community participation from villagers ofWae Sano.Also, in 2012, the government had targeted the improvement of rural roads from Werang to Sano Lake and manufacture guardrail on the south side of the lake. The government hopes that these improvements will be able to attract more tourist to visit Sano Lake.
POSTING BY. SUSANA ANDRYANI DIYANER